Occupational exposure to pesticides and hematological alterations: A survey of farm residents in the South of Brazil

Camila Piccoli, Cleber Cremonese, Rosalina Koifman, Sérgio Koifman, Carmen Freire
2019 Ciência & Saúde Coletiva  
This study sought to investigate the association of exposure to organochlorine (OC) and non-persistent pesticides with hematological parameters in an agricultural population in Southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 275 farm workers and their families in Farroupilha-RS. A questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, duration, frequency and type of pesticide used, among others. Blood samples were collected and
more » ... re collected and analyzed for serum concentration of 24 OC pesticides and hematological parameters. Associations were explored through linear regression, controlling for confounders. Lifetime use of chemical classes other than organophosphates and dithiocarbamates were associated with decreased number of lymphocytes, while subjects sampled in the high pesticide use season showed higher number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin level. Detectable serum levels of many OC pesticides were associated with lower counts of white blood cells, particularly eosinophils. Although mostly null associations were observed between pesticide use and hematological parameters, findings may suggest that OC pesticides could lead to hematological alterations among agricultural workers.
doi:10.1590/1413-81232018246.13142017 pmid:31269189 fatcat:tzse56anirgdfpwc5xbwa3bec4