Swedish intrauterine growth reference ranges of biometric measurements of fetal head, abdomen and femur

Linda Lindström, Mårten Ageheim, Ove Axelsson, Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Alkistis Skalkidou, Eva Bergman
2020 Scientific Reports  
AbstractUltrasonic assessment of fetal growth is an important part of obstetric care to prevent adverse pregnancy outcome. However, lack of reliable reference ranges is a major barrier for accurate interpretation of the examinations. The aim of this study was to create updated Swedish national reference ranges for intrauterine size and growth of the fetal head, abdomen and femur from gestational week 12 to 42. This prospective longitudinal multicentre study included 583 healthy pregnant women
more » ... hy pregnant women with low risk of aberrant fetal growth. Each woman was examined up to five times with ultrasound from gestational week 12 + 3 to 41 + 6. The assessed intrauterine fetal biometric measurements were biparietal diameter (outer–inner), head circumference, mean abdominal diameter, abdominal circumference and femur length. A two-level hierarchical regression model was employed to account for the individual measurements of the fetus and the number of repeated visits for measurements while accounting for the random effect of the identified parameterization of gestational age. The expected median and variance, expressed in both standard deviations and percentiles, for each individual biometric measurement was calculated. The presented national reference ranges can be used for assessment of intrauterine size and growth of the fetal head, abdomen and femur in the second and third trimester of pregnancy.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-79797-8 pmid:33384446 fatcat:3kbq2t4h7vablj55t6rqmr6r7e