Parvovirus B19 associated autoantibodies upregulation in women and children in Southern China

Qing Yu, Ruhong Tan, Jiayi Zhao, Qixian Zhou, Fen Zheng, Xiangxin Li
2021 Journal of Laboratory Medicine  
Objectives Human parvovirus B19, the cause of fifth disease in children and transient arthropathy in adults, could induce autoimmunity and the production of autoantibodies. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between B19 infection and autoantibodies upregulation in women and children. Methods Of 512 women and children in our hospital between 2016 and 2018, all cases simultaneously test anti-B19 IgM and autoantibodies like anti-nuclear antibody, anti-Sm and anti-double stranded
more » ... NA antibody were included in this study. Results Parvovirus B19 infection could significantly upregulate anti-nuclear antibody and anti-Sm, but not anti-double stranded DNA, the titer of autoantibodies is associated with the content of anti-B19 IgM, and the infection in children is accompanied with more obvious autoantibodies upregulation. Conclusions Our data shows that parvovirus B19 infection is related to autoantibodies production in both women and children, and the status of infection may associate with the titer of autoantibodies in parvovirus B19 infected patients.
doi:10.1515/labmed-2020-0120 fatcat:bm4nlhy7mvdnxm7eh5ym3dqudu