A retrospective analysis of emergency room visits of oral and maxillofacial surgery patients in a tertiary care hospital

Si-Yeon Park, Jae-Min Song, Jun-Ho Lee, Jae-Yeol Lee, Dae-Seok Hwang, Yong-Deok Kim, Sang-Hun Shin, Uk-Kyu Kim
2019 Oral Biology Research  
With the rapid advances in modern civilization and increasing reach of the media, medical knowledge is increasingly generalized. There has been a notable increase in the number of medical institutions, significant improvement in medical standards, and access to treatment, while the reasons for hospital visits have diversified [1, 2] . In the oral and maxillofacial region, such reasons may range from a simple toothache to life-threatening multiple fractures or dental infections. The range of
more » ... s. The range of complications is very wide relative to the anatomical area. The frequency of damage in this region is also high, due to its exposure to the external environment [3, 4] . Although there has been an increase in the number of patients visiting the emergency room due to oral or maxillofacial conditions, the number of emergency medical facilities and the size of the medical staff providing rapid A retrospective analysis of emergency room visits of oral and maxillofacial surgery patients in a tertiary care hospital To investigate the present trends in the causes of patients visiting the emergency room of tertiary care hospital and were treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in order to prepare emergency room treatment guidelines. Increasing numbers of patients with damage to the oral and maxillofacial area visit the emergency room for treatment. This retrospective study analyzed 5,104 patients who had visited the emergency room of Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital and treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, between August 2012 and July 2017. The patients were divided into groups according to their injury types, such as trauma, infection, bleeding, temporomandibular joint disorders, and others. The number and frequency of patients in each type of injury group were analyzed as percentages (%) using SPSS 23.0 software. The male to female ratio of the patients visiting the emergency room was 1.98:1, with most patients aged below 10 years old. The majority of patients were in the trauma, infection, and bleeding groups. Fractures, especially mandibular fractures, were frequently present in the trauma group. In the oral and maxillofacial area, the results of the frequency, age, and type of injury treated in the emergency room from this study were not significantly different from those of other studies in the past. However, the reasons for the visit are still diverse and complex.
doi:10.21851/obr.43.01.201903.74 fatcat:equmbgbamfappmb7fle26co4iu