Prevalence and determinants of Vitamin A deficiency among children in India: Findings from a national cross-sectional survey

Sampurna Kundu, Balram Rai, Anandi Shukla
2021 Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health  
during 2016-18, dataset for 0-5 years age has been used in the study. The study has employed bi-variate analysis to assess the prevalence of Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) based on the CRP (C-reactive protein) values (CRP ≤5 mg/L), by the different socioeconomic and demographic characteristics along with dietary diversity, stunting, anaemia and breastfeeding related variables. Log-binomial regression model has been used for the multivariable analysis and based on that predicted probabilities were
more » ... robabilities were computed. Results: The overall prevalence of VAD in India is 17.54%. Children who are exposed to longer duration of breastfeeding have lower prevalence of VAD. Children in poorer economic sections are more vitamin A deficient compared to children in richer economic sections. The prevalence of VAD among children having minimum diet diversity is 18.63%. Conclusion: The study suggests in focusing on the targeted groups of children who are at more risk in developing VAD and planning interventions for specific groups. The nutrition programs require a multisectoral approach for addressing the needs of macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies simultaneously to enhance the current situation of nutrition among children in India.
doi:10.1016/j.cegh.2021.100768 fatcat:ai2kg3gkgvcojato4gqxntmgyi