One-Year Survival Prediction of Myocardial Infarction

Abdulkader Helwan, Dilber Uzun, Rahib Abiyev, John Bush
2017 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Myocardial infarction is still one of the leading causes of death and morbidity. The early prediction of such disease can prevent or reduce the development of it. Machine learning can be an efficient tool for predicting such diseases. Many people have suffered myocardial infarction in the past. Some of those have survived and others were dead after a period of time. A machine learning system can learn from the past data of those patients to be capable of predicting the one-year survival or
more » ... of patients with myocardial infarction. The survival at one year, death at one year, survival period, in addition to some clinical data of patients who have suffered myocardial infarction can be used to train an intelligent system to predict the one-year survival or death of current myocardial infarction patients. This paper introduces the use of two neural networks: Feedforward neural network that uses backpropagation learning algorithm (BPNN) and radial basis function networks (RBFN) that were trained on past data of patients who suffered myocardial infarction to be capable of generalizing the one-year survival or death of new patients. Experimentally, both networks were tested on 64 instances and showed a good generalization capability in predicting the correct diagnosis of the patients. However, the radial basis function network outperformed the backpropagation network in performing this prediction task.
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2017.080622 fatcat:esrlcjn4nfbapbljvuxnvwqggm