Territorial analysis of the production of cereals and leguminous crops in peasant (farm) households of the Altai Krai
Peasant (farm) households (P(F)H) in the Altai Krai are quite a significant form of agricultural organizations, their contribution in the crop-growing is particularly high. P(F)H account for more than 30% of arable land of the region, and they also give comparable results in crop production in general, as well as in certain categories of crops (for example, about 38% in cereals). However, in the context of administrative districts there are significant differences in the proportion of products
... roduced by this type of households. Statistical data analysis reflects specialization of P(F)H in the production of cereals and leguminous crops (production of wheat is leading). The leaders in the production of these crops are the steppe districts (Klyuchevskiy – 77.6%, Uglovskiy – 72.6%, Volchikhinskiy – 69.8%), which have the most favorable combination of natural and climatic conditions for growing hard varieties wheat (durum wheat) which are most valuable. When moving from the west to the east of the region, there is a general tendency to a decrease in the role of P(F)H in the production of cereals and leguminous crops. Along with the increase in the share of large farms that produce a significant part of cereals and leguminous crops, there is a wider range of crop production and an increase in the share of animal husbandry, as well as the emergence of consumer-oriented sub-sectors (garden and berry crops). Low rates of cereals and leguminous crops production belong to the districts that are relatively close to large enterprises that consume cereals (poultry farms), as well as areas of the suburban zone of the cities of Barnaul and Biysk; larger and more stable enterprises (limited liability company, open joint stock company, closed joint stock company), focused on a large consumer, are concentrated here.