The Monumental Ensemble from Târgu Jiu. History and Symbolic Interpretations

Laura Sînziana, Cuciuc Romanescu
2001 4 Ibidem. 5 Arh. St. Tg. Jiu, fond Primăria oraşului Tg. Jiu   unpublished
The universal innovator of sculpture, one of the greatest artists of the twentieth century, who demonstrated that modern art while maintaining the fundamental characteristics, namely rationality, harmony, balance, measure, finds sources long before the period in which Mediterranean civilization was defined by Celery classical statuary, is Constantin Brâncuşi 1. The monumental complex of Târgu-Jiu, one of Brâncuşi masterpieces, can be regarded as a manifestation of ancient Romanian traditions
more » ... ated to the cult of the dead and a dedication to heroism. The assembly begins on the shores of Jiu river, symbol of the journey of no return, as water never flows only in one direction. Roundtable stone reminiscent of the meals for the dead unsoumoned or those who come to the great days. The seats, located far away from the table, are like silent shadows made for those that are not. * Determining, by his style and work, a complete break from what had up to that point, Constantin Brâncuşi set up a new language in modern sculpture 2 by addressing some forms of plastic, other than anthropomorphic, suggesting abstractions, and morphological changes new approach. Characterized by simplicity and perfect calm, its forms reflects the artist's creative attitude renounce feelings and message transmission through the human body and figurative reality. His works of art have been seen in numerous exhibitions in Bucharest, Paris, New York, Chicago, and those of the complex from Târgu-Jiu were forged in space. Although there was a withdrawn personality, hasn't worked in secret, many people could visit the artist's studio in Paris, and now insists various interpretations of the meaning and symbolism of his works 3 , the inventiveness of their morphology. Around genius of Constantin Brâncuşi and his works has been created a legend, a myth that stretches from his native village to Bucharest, Craiova, Târgu-Jiu, Paris, crossing the ocean in New York, Philadelphia, virtually anywhere work is artist or their commentators. 4 In complex sculptural in Târgu-Jiu, made "to glorify the memory of heroes from Gorj who sacrificed themselves in war" 5 and inaugurated on October 27, 1938, 6 the symbol is the carrier of meanings coming from the archaic folk invoice our spiritual space and mythological. 7 1 Ion Nandriş, Echoes in the Artefacts. Memory, Form and Prehistory of Brâncuşi, în Brâncuşi la apogeu. Noi perspective, volumul Colocviului internaţional, Ed.