Learning a Reliable Estimate of the Number of Fiber Directions in Diffusion MRI [chapter]

Thomas Schultz
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Having to determine an adequate number of fiber directions is a fundamental limitation of multi-compartment models in diffusion MRI. This paper proposes a novel strategy to approach this problem, based on simulating data that closely follows the characteristics of the measured data. This provides the ground truth required to determine the number of directions that optimizes a formal measure of accuracy, while allowing us to transfer the result to real data by support vector regression. The
more » ... d is shown to result in plausible and reproducible decisions on three repeated scans of the same subject. When combined with the ball-and-stick model, it produces directional estimates comparable to constrained spherical deconvolution, but with significantly smaller variance between re-scans, and at a reduced computational cost. I would like to thank Lek-Heng Lim (University of Chicago) for useful discussions and Hans J. Johnson (University of Iowa) and the PREDICT-HD project for sharing the data set (made possible by NIH grants NS054893, U54EB005149, NS40068).
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33454-2_61 fatcat:jho7dxi5yzdgjjcirzf53mfq4e