Environmental, economic and energetic benefits from implantation of several modes of solar collector movements

Mustafa Hamad, Mhanna Obaid
2021 Zenodo  
In this research, the performance of a moving solar system on two axes was studied, the east-west axis, this axis represents the tilt angle of the solar collector. The other movement is the surface's rotation around the perpendicular axis on the surface in the east and west directions, which in turn represents the azimuth angle of the solar collector. All possibilities for these movements were also studied, in order to reach the optimal option, which in turn depends on the importance of
more » ... n and the available space on the one hand, and the economic conditions on the other hand. The maximum value of solar radiation intensity was adopted as a guide to compare the performance of six options for tracking systems. Despite the high costs of tracking systems, they often have a positive economic return, as these systems increase the efficiency of the solar system, whether it is electric or thermal twice, the first one by increasing the intensity of the solar radiation incident on the solar collector, and the second one by increasing the optical efficiency of the solar collectors and thus increasing the overall efficiency of the device. The percentage of increase in the sixth type of solar energy is about 38% compared to the fixed mode. The minimum optical efficiency of the dual tracking mode has been found as 84%, while for fixed mode is about 48%.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5805011 fatcat:puserydmc5abvnm4tecf7ceahy