Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Thoracic Esophagus: Feasibility and Outcome of Large Regional Field and High-dose External Beam Boost Irradiation
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Objective: To assess the feasibility and outcome of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CT-RT) with large regional field and high-dose external beam boost irradiation in thoracic esophageal cancer. Methods: Patients with clinical stage T1 (submucosal)-4N0-1M0 (UICC 1997) squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus were eligible. Radiotherapy consisted of regional irradiation (extending from supraclavicular fossa to the paracardial area) with 39.6 Gy followed by high-dose external beam boost up
... rnal beam boost up to 66.6 Gy (1.8 Gy/day, five times per week). Two-hour infusion of cisplatin (80 mg/m 2 on day 1) and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (800 mg/m 2 /day on days 2-6) were administered concurrently with radiotherapy, every 3-4 weeks, for two cycles. Results: Thirty patients (stage I, 3; stage II, 11; stage III, 16) were entered into the study. Twenty-one patients (70%) completed the planned treatment. In elderly (≥70 years) patients, four of six withdrew. Grade 3 and 4 toxicities (NCI-CTC) were observed in 20 (67%) and three (10%) patients, respectively. Major toxicities were blood, gastrointestinal (i.e. nausea and esophagitis) and pulmonary. There was no grade 5 (fatal) toxicity. The median follow-up period for surviving patients was 27 months (range: 9-49 months). The median survival time was 21 months. The 1-and 2-year survival rates were 65 and 49% for all 30 patients. The incidence of esophageal stricture (grade 1-2: RTOG) was 21%. No patient suffered fistula formation. Conclusions: Despite poor compliance for elderly patients and frequent severe toxicities, our concurrent CT-RT resulted in a favorable outcome in thoracic esophageal cancer.