Hydrogen enhanced combustion [article]

Steven Mitchell Pearce, University Of Canterbury
Current four stroke engine research objectives focus on increasing part load thermal efficiency while reducing exhaust emissions. Methods currently employed to achieve this are homogeneous charge lean burn technology, stratified charge lean burn technology and the use of alternative fuels. Of all possible alternative fuels hydrogen is viewed by many as being, ultimately, the fuel of the future. Methanol is regarded as being a likely transitional fuel between the current petroleum transport
more » ... and hydrogen. Hydrogen is known to be effective in extending the operating lean limit of an engine when used in small amounts in conjunction with conventional fuels. This thesis presents the results of an investigation into the use of hydrogen as a supplementary fuel in a methanol fuelled Ricardo E6 engine. Three methods of introducing supplementary hydrogen into the engine were investigated: Untimed manifold injection, early direct injection and injection through a modified spark-plug. Suitable injection systems were designed and tested on the Ricardo E6 engine. An engine management system, data acquisition system and post processing software were developed to enable data to be acquired and analyzed. The direct injection systems were the subject of schlieren visualization investigations of injected gas distribution to improve performance and elucidate engine related phenomena. Results detailing the effects of hydrogen supplementation on the engine performance, combustion and exhaust gas emissions are presented and discussed. The early direct injection of hydrogen through a dedicated cylinder head tapping proved to be the least effective method of introducing supplementary hydrogen in the Ricardo E6 engine. The position of the injector diametrically opposite the spark-plug coupled with low levels of bulk mixture motion in the cylinder resulted in the formation of an inversely stratified charge (lean near spark-plug) even when injection commenced very early in the compression stroke. The inversely stratified charge resulte [...]
doi:10.26021/3299 fatcat:nuam2vuaa5fhpkhy6wtunxolpm