The impact of rare protein coding genetic variation on adult cognitive function [article]

Chia-Yen Chen, Ruoyu Tian, Tian Ge, Max Lam, Gabriela Sanchez-Andrade, Tarjinder Singh, Lea Urpa, Jimmy Liu, Mark Sanderson, Christine Rowley, Holly Ironfield, Terry Fang (+11 others)
2022 medRxiv   pre-print
Compelling evidence suggests that cognitive function is strongly influenced by genetics. Here, we conduct a large-scale exome study to examine whether rare protein coding variants impact cognitive function in the adult population (N=485,930). We identify eight genes associated with adult cognitive function through rare coding variants with large effects. We demonstrate how the dosage of a single gene, KDM5B, may determine the variability of cognitive, behavioral, and molecular traits in mice
more » ... humans. We further provide evidence that rare and common variants overlap in association signals and contribute additively to cognitive function. Our findings uncover a contribution of rare coding variants to cognitive function and highlight that the spectrum of cognitive function in the normal adult population is influenced by the action of single genes.
doi:10.1101/2022.06.24.22276728 fatcat:rbkvl7uhxbd3pld4hmpnvuuzke