Audio to score matching by combining phonetic and duration information [article]

Rong Gong, Jordi Pons, Xavier Serra
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We approach the singing phrase audio to score matching problem by using phonetic and duration information - with a focus on studying the jingju a cappella singing case. We argue that, due to the existence of a basic melodic contour for each mode in jingju music, only using melodic information (such as pitch contour) will result in an ambiguous matching. This leads us to propose a matching approach based on the use of phonetic and duration information. Phonetic information is extracted with an
more » ... oustic model shaped with our data, and duration information is considered with the Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) variants we investigate. We build a model for each lyric path in our scores and we achieve the matching by ranking the posterior probabilities of the decoded most likely state sequences. Three acoustic models are investigated: (i) convolutional neural networks (CNNs), (ii) deep neural networks (DNNs) and (iii) Gaussian mixture models (GMMs). Also, two duration models are compared: (i) hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM) and (ii) post-processor duration model. Results show that CNNs perform better in our (small) audio dataset and also that HSMM outperforms the post-processor duration model.
arXiv:1707.03547v1 fatcat:cnihiu72rbcm3g2sfou67u3r5u