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The properties of the gas transport system in a tethered flying insect were investigated by directly measuring the oxygen partial pressure (PO2) in a wing muscle of the sweet potato hawkmoth Agrius convolvuli using a needle electrode. At rest, a distribution of PO2 corresponding to levels in the muscle and tracheal structures was observed. At the onset of tethered flight, PO2 in the muscle decreased. However, during a long stable flight, PO2 increased and reached a plateau approximately 2 minpmid:9679098 fatcat:zhuffydopnggdoa7bqtces4rgy