Persistence of simian immunodeficiency virus Mne variants upon transmission

B Chackerian, W R Morton, J Overbaugh
1994 Journal of Virology  
In macaques infected with a clone of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) Mne, viral variants consistently evolve multiple new potential glycosylation sites in the first variable region (V1) prior to the development of AIDS. In the present study, we asked whether viruses with these glycosylation sites persist when they are transmitted to a naive macaque. Variants that evolved after transmission to a recipient macaque were compared with virus that evolved in the donor, which had been infected by
more » ... d been infected by cloned SIn Mne. Upon transmission, the specific serine/threonine-rich motifs potentially encoding novel 0-linked glycosylation site(s) in Vl were conserved in virus isolated from lymph node, spleen, and liver tissue from the recipient. There was some accumulation of changes in V3 of envelope in virus from the recipient, whereas changes in this region were not observed in virus from the donor macaque. Some variants detected in the tissue of the recipient at necropsy were most closely related to viruses present in the donor inoculum even though these particular variants were not detected early after infection in the recipient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Overall, virus with the predominant Vi sequences associated with progression to disease are transmitted to and persist in the recipient animal.
doi:10.1128/jvi.68.6.4080-4085.1994 fatcat:3idjpo3km5es3kbzf7dqpxfghe