An Efficient Online Trajectory Generation Method Based on Kinodynamic Path Search and Trajectory Optimization for Human-Robot Interaction Safety
With the rapid development of robot perception and planning technology, robots are gradually getting rid of fixed fences and working closely with humans in shared workspaces. The safety of human-robot coexistence has become critical. Traditional motion planning methods perform poorly in dynamic environments where obstacles motion is highly uncertain. In this paper, we propose an efficient online trajectory generation method to help manipulator autonomous planning in dynamic environments. Our
... roach starts with an efficient kinodynamic path search algorithm that considers the links constraints and finds a safe and feasible initial trajectory with minimal control effort and time. To increase the clearance between the trajectory and obstacles and improve the smoothness, a trajectory optimization method using the B-spline convex hull property is adopted to minimize the penalty of collision cost, smoothness, and dynamical feasibility. To avoid the collisions between the links and obstacles and the collisions of the links themselves, a constraint-relaxed links collision avoidance method is developed by solving a quadratic programming problem. Compared with the existing state-of-the-art planning method for dynamic environments and advanced trajectory optimization method, our method can generate a smoother, collision-free trajectory in less time with a higher success rate. Detailed simulation comparison experiments, as well as real-world experiments, are reported to verify the effectiveness of our method.