Quantitative Epigenetics: A New Avenue for Crop Improvement [post]

Vijay Gahlaut, Gaurav Zinta, Vandana Jaiswal
2020 unpublished
Plant breeding conventionally depends on genetic variability available in a species to improve a particular trait in the crop. However, epigenetic diversity may provide an additional tier of variation. The recent advent of epigenome technologies has elucidated the role of epigenetic variation in shaping phenotype. Further, the development of epigenetic recombinant inbred lines (epi-RILs) in the model species such as Arabidopsis has enabled accurate genetic analysis of epigenetic variation.
more » ... tic variation. Subsequently, mapping of epigenetic quantitative trait loci (epiQTL) allowed association between epialleles and phenotypic traits. Thus, quantitative epigenetics provides ample opportunities to dissect the role of epigenetic variation in trait regulation, which can be eventually utilized in crop improvement programs. Moreover, locus-specific manipulation of DNA methylation by epigenome-editing tools such as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) can facilitate epigenetic based molecular breeding of important crop plants.
doi:10.20944/preprints202009.0348.v1 fatcat:obciog76gnfztngt7vulhvmc3a