Molecular insights into the Patched1 drug efflux inhibitory activity of panicein A hydroquinone: a computational study
Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP
Human Hedgehog receptor Patched1 (PTCH1) is able to efflux chemotherapeutics of different chemical structure out of cancer cells thus contributing to multidrug resistance phenomena in tumor treatment. A screening of natural compounds purified from marine sponges led to the identification of the first PTCH1 efflux inhibitor, panicein A hydroquinone (PAH), demonstrated to increase doxorubicin toxicity in vitro and vemurafenib toxicity in vitro and in vivo. In this work we combined different
... ational techniques to gain molecular insights of the inhibitory activity of PAH and some of its active and inactive analogues. We first performed a thorough characterization and druggability analysis of the main putative substrate binding pockets known from available cryo-electron microscopy structures. Further, dynamical descriptors of the active and inactive PAH analogues were extracted from microsecond-long all-atom molecular dynamics simulations in water solution. Finally, a blind ensemble docking methodology coupled with the conformational analysis of compounds enabled rationalization of the interaction between PTCH1 and PAH and derivatives in terms of their intrinsic physico-chemical properties. Our results suggest that the Neck pocket is the preferential binding site for PAH analogues on PTCH1, and that compounds assuming an open cylindric-like shape in solution are most likely to be good binders for PTCH1.