Vibrio vulnificus cytolysin induces hyperadhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils through endothelial P-selectin: a mechanism for pulmonary damage by Vibrio vulnificus cytolysin

Byeong-Soo Kim, Jong-Suk Kim
2002 Experimental and Molecular Medicine  
Abstracts Vibrio vulnificus cytolysin forms transmembrane pores that are permeable to calcium ions in pulmonary endothelial cells, and has been suggested as an important virulence factor that sequestrate neutrophils primarily in the lung. To elucidate the mechanism we investigated whether the cytolysin affect the expression of endothelial P-selectin and adhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils. The cytolysin increased the adhesiveness of CPAE cell, a pulmonary endothelial
more » ... ary endothelial cell line, for neutrophils in a concentrationand time-dependent manner. The increase of adhesiveness occurred within several minutes after the cytolysin exposure, persisted up to 90 min, and was not affected by cycloheximide. Furthermore, flow cytometric analyses showed that cytolysin enhanced the level of P-selectin on CPAE cell surface. Therefore, these results suggest that the cytolysin-induced hyperadhesiveness of pulmonary endothelial cells for neutrophils is mediated by the mobilization of endothelial P-selectin to the cell surface.
doi:10.1038/emm.2002.43 pmid:12515397 fatcat:7akfptesrrd7tpau7czu5hkmfe