Implementation of Internalization Model on Religious Nationalism Value among High School Students: Case Study in SMA PKP JIS

Yayat Herianto, Henni Gusfa
2020 Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences, ICSS 2019, 5-6 November 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia   unpublished
This study aims to determine the model of internalizing the value of religious nationalism among millennial generations. The considerable number of millennials in Indonesia has a strategic role in developing and actualizing the values of religious nationalism. This study uses a qualitative method with a case study approach in PKP JIS Senior High School. The academic reason for this research was carried out in educational institutions because schools are social units that have a role in social
more » ... a role in social change. The results of this study indicate that the process of internalizing the value of religious nationalism in PKP JIS high school students takes place through various activities, learning processes and participation in the activities held. Everyone needs a communication process to build and synchronize their understanding and comprehension. Scheidel [1] explains the importance of every person to communicate in order to express their identity, build social contact with people around them, and influence others to feel, think or behave the way we want them to. Communication also has functions in changing the opinion of a person or group as well as being a media in the educational process. In the world of education or school environment, communication process takes place since the students come to school until the end of the learning process. The process that occurs can take several forms. First, during the process of learning and teaching activities, the process of delivering messages from the communicator (teacher) to students (communicant) takes place. Second, there is an interaction between the teacher and students in which there come the existence of management between the teacher and students. Mulyana [2] explains the concept of communication as interaction. Inside the process of communication, there is a process of cause and effect and the process of action and reaction. Third, as stated by Adler and Rodman [3], communication is also understood as the process of responding to the symbolic behavior of others. Iriantara [4] sees the process of communication in the world of education emphasizes more on efforts to maintain and defend values to encourage change. While, Fiske [5] sees communication from two points of view: first, as the process of delivering or transmitting messages and second, as the making and exchanging of meanings which are often referred to 2 Model Theory Liliwei [15] explains that the model is an imitation of reality. As an imitation, the model is certainly uncompleted, because the model only takes a part of reality. Liliwei further stated that the model provides a specific behavioral perspective. Mahmud [16] details three types of models, namely: (1) as an example to imitate, (2) to strength or to weak existing behaviors and, (3) to facilitate new behaviors. Meanwhile Mulyana [2] gives an understanding of the model as a representation of a phenomenon, both real and abstract, by showing the most important elements of the phenomenon. With a model according to Mulyana [17] will reduce other communication phenomena that are impossible to explain. Another opinion expressed by Sereno and Martensen [2] explains that the communication model is an ideal description of what is needed in communication. In communication, Barker [2] mentions three function models, namely (1) describing the communication process, (2) showing visual relations, and (3) finding and improving communication bottlenecks. Meanwhile Buch and Starter revealed five function models namely. 1. Models provide action-oriented information. 2. The model presents information oriented toward the future. 3. The model shows alternative directions for action to be evaluated before being implemented. 4. The model presents giving formal and structured complex problem situations. The model reflects a scientific approach to not rely on institutions and speculation. Scrams Communication Model The communication model that is suitable with this research is the Schramm model. According to Schramm [2] communication always requires at least three elements namely source (message) and message (destination). Form the three Scramm models in communication, the third model according to the researchers is the smallest reduction level. In the third model regards communication as an interaction with both parties who are present, interpret, encode, transmit and receive signals. There appears to be a continuous feedback circle for sharing information.
doi:10.4108/eai.5-11-2019.2292530 fatcat:y25bgqfd2fgnpnjj3a7jfyt7hu