### Nonclassical potential solutions of partial differential equations

GEORGE W. BLUMAN, ZHENYA YAN
2005 European journal of applied mathematics
For a given scalar partial differential equation (PDE), a potential variable can be introduced through a conservation law. Such a conservation law yields an equivalent system (potential system) of PDEs with the given dependent variable and the potential variable as its dependent variables. Often there is also another equivalent scalar PDE (potential equation) with the potential variable as its dependent variable. The Nonclassical Method for obtaining solutions of PDEs is a generalization of the
more » ... neralization of the Classical Method for obtaining invariant solutions from point symmetries admitted by a given PDE. As a prototypical example, the nonlinear heat conduction equation is used to demonstrate that the Nonclassical Method applied to a potential equation can yield new solutions (nonclassical potential solutions) of a given PDE that are unobtainable as invariant solutions from admitted point symmetries of the given PDE, a related potential system or the potential equation, or from nonclassical solutions generated by applying the Nonclassical Method (τ ≡ 1) to the given scalar PDE.