Object-Level Image Segmentation Using Low Level Cues
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing
This paper considers the problem of automatically segmenting an image into a small number of regions that correspond to objects conveying semantics or high-level structure. While such object-level segmentation usually requires additional high-level knowledge or learning process, we explore what low level cues can produce for this purpose. Our idea is to construct a feature vector for each pixel, which elaborately integrates spectral attributes, color Gaussian Mixture Models and geodesic
... nd geodesic distance, such that it encodes global color and spatial cues as well as global structure information. Then we formulate the Potts variational model in terms of the feature vectors to provide a variational image segmentation algorithm that is performed in the feature space. We also propose a heuristic approach to automatically select the number of segments. The use of feature attributes enables the Potts model to produce regions that are coherent in color and position, comply with global structures corresponding to objects or parts of objects and meanwhile maintain a smooth and accurate boundary. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm against the state-of-the-art with the dataset from the famous Berkeley benchmark.