Boosting Iris Recognition by Margin-Based Loss Functions

Reihan Alinia Lat, Sebelan Danishvar, Hamed Heravi, Morad Danishvar
2022 Algorithms  
In recent years, the topic of contactless biometric identification has gained considerable traction due to the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the most well-known identification technologies is iris recognition. Determining the classification threshold for large datasets of iris images remains challenging. To solve this issue, it is essential to extract more discriminatory features from iris images. Choosing the appropriate loss function to enhance discrimination power is one of the most significant
more » ... actors in deep learning networks. This paper proposes a novel iris identification framework that integrates the light-weight MobileNet architecture with customized ArcFace and Triplet loss functions. By combining two loss functions, it is possible to improve the compactness within a class and the discrepancies between classes. To reduce the amount of preprocessing, the normalization step is omitted and segmented iris images are used directly. In contrast to the original SoftMax loss, the EER for the combined loss from ArcFace and Triplet is decreased from 1.11% to 0.45%, and the TPR is increased from 99.77% to 100%. In CASIA-Iris-Thousand, EER decreased from 4.8% to 1.87%, while TPR improved from 97.42% to 99.66%. Experiments have demonstrated that the proposed approach with customized loss using ArcFace and Triplet can significantly improve state-of-the-art and achieve outstanding results.
doi:10.3390/a15040118 fatcat:6remvkerlba4zfcujimp3i46iy