Intermuscular Coordination in the Power Clean Exercise: Comparison between Olympic Weightlifters and Untrained Individuals—A Preliminary Study

Paulo D. G. Santos, João R. Vaz, Paulo F. Correia, Maria J. Valamatos, António P. Veloso, Pedro Pezarat-Correia
2021 Sensors  
Muscle coordination in human movement has been assessed through muscle synergy analysis. In sports science, this procedure has been mainly applied to the comparison between highly trained and unexperienced participants. However, the lack of knowledge regarding strength training exercises led us to study the differences in neural strategies to perform the power clean between weightlifters and untrained individuals. Synergies were extracted from electromyograms of 16 muscles of ten unexperienced
more » ... articipants and seven weightlifters. To evaluate differences, we determined the pairwise correlations for the synergy components and electromyographic profiles. While the shape of activation patterns presented strong correlations across participants of each group, the weightings of each muscle were more variable. The three extracted synergies were shifted in time with the unexperienced group anticipating synergy #1 (−2.46 ± 18.7%; p < 0.001) and #2 (−4.60 ± 5.71%; p < 0.001) and delaying synergy #3 (1.86 ± 17.39%; p = 0.01). Moreover, muscle vectors presented more inter-group variability, changing the composition of synergy #1 and #3. These results may indicate an adaptation in intermuscular coordination with training, and athletes in an initial phase of training should attempt to delay the hip extension (synergy #1), as well as the upper-limb flexion (synergy #2).
doi:10.3390/s21051904 pmid:33803182 fatcat:e35j3n6xbfhihkwghbd72rpyky