Modulation of piglets' microbiota: differential effects by a high wheat bran maternal diet during gestation and lactation

Julie Leblois, Sébastien Massart, Bing Li, José Wavreille, Jérôme Bindelle, Nadia Everaert
2017 Scientific Reports  
Reaching a beneficial intestinal microbiota early in life is desirable for piglets, as microbiota will impact their future health. One strategy to achieve this is the addition of prebiotics to sows' diet, as their microbiota will be transferred. Transmission of microbiota to the offspring occurs at birth and during lactation but a transfer might also occur during gestation. The objectives of this study were to determine whether and when (before and/or after birth) a maternal transfer of the
more » ... obiota occurs, and to observe the impact of wheat bran (WB) in sows' diet on their faecal microbiota, their offspring's microbiota and fermentation profile. Sequencing was performed on DNA extracted from umbilical cord blood, meconium, sows' faeces and piglets' colon content. Short-chain fatty acid production was determined in piglets' distal gut. Different bacteria (mostly Proteobacteria, followed by Firmicutes) were found in the umbilical cord blood, suggesting a maternal transfer occurring already during gestation. Less butyrate was produced in the caecum of WB piglets and a lower concentration of valerate was observed in all intestinal parts of WB piglets. Maternal wheat bran supplementation affected microbiota of sows and piglets differently.
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-07228-2 pmid:28784986 pmcid:PMC5547061 fatcat:vd5qnefsv5hylmeo52atmbbmea