Hamiltonian-based Neural ODE Networks on the SE(3) Manifold For Dynamics Learning and Control [article]

Thai Duong, Nikolay Atanasov
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Accurate models of robot dynamics are critical for safe and stable control and generalization to novel operational conditions. Hand-designed models, however, may be insufficiently accurate, even after careful parameter tuning. This motivates the use of machine learning techniques to approximate the robot dynamics over a training set of state-control trajectories. The dynamics of many robots, including ground, aerial, and underwater vehicles, are described in terms of their SE(3) pose and
more » ... ized velocity, and satisfy conservation of energy principles. This paper proposes a Hamiltonian formulation over the SE(3) manifold of the structure of a neural ordinary differential equation (ODE) network to approximate the dynamics of a rigid body. In contrast to a black-box ODE network, our formulation guarantees total energy conservation by construction. We develop energy shaping and damping injection control for the learned, potentially under-actuated SE(3) Hamiltonian dynamics to enable a unified approach for stabilization and trajectory tracking with various platforms, including pendulum, rigid-body, and quadrotor systems.
arXiv:2106.12782v3 fatcat:ylpjxbivirazzejwothx6nbs74