绝对音高感及旋律转调类型对旋律音高记忆的影响Memorizing Transposed and Non-Transposed Melody by Absolute Pitch Processors

孙 丽君
2012 Advances in Psychology  
Prior research has suggested that absolute pitch (AP) listeners could clearly tell a note of particular pitch in the absence of a reference note. The present study aims at exploring the melody memory by different AP processors such as clear AP, borderline AP and non-AP processors under various types of melody (close-relationship transposed melody, distant-relationship transposed melody and non-transposed melody). That is, the effects of absolute pitch on melody memory depend on whether the
more » ... on whether the melody is transposed or not transposed. In their experiment, the authors have found that: 1) the listeners who had absolute pitch reported lower accurate rates of transposed melody memory than listeners who had relative pitch. Such result showed that absolute pitch processers performed much more poorly in transposed melody memory than non-absolute pitch processers; 2) borderline AP processors recognized much lower accurate rates of both close-relationship transposed and non-transposed melody than distant-relationship transposed melody. It is suggested that the various types of melody could significantly impact the melody memory by borderline AP processors.
doi:10.12677/ap.2012.24028 fatcat:hxs4cwpwpbevhpcnevzloscx5a