On the surface physics affecting solar oscillation frequencies

G. Houdek, R. Trampedach, M. J. Aarslev, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard
2016 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters  
Adiabatic oscillation frequencies of stellar models, computed with the standard mixing-length formulation for convection, increasingly deviate with radial order from observations in solar-like stars. Standard solar models overestimate adiabatic frequencies by as much as 20 μHz. In this letter, we address the physical processes of turbulent convection that are predominantly responsible for the frequency differences between standard models and observations, also called 'surface effects'. We
more » ... e measured solar frequencies from the MDI instrument on the SOHO spacecraft with frequency calculations that include three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamical simulation results in the equilibrium model, nonadiabatic effects, and a consistent treatment of the turbulent pressure in both the equilibrium and stability computations. With the consistent inclusion of the above physics in our model computation we are able to reproduce the observed solar frequencies to < 3 μHz without the need of any additional ad-hoc functional corrections.
doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw193 fatcat:uw275nzcufhyzlrnx3smmc2t3m