EEG effective connectivity networks for an attentive task requiring vigilance based on dynamic partial directed coherence

2020 Journal of Integrative Neuroscience  
An effective network perspective focused on measuring directional interactions of electroencephalographic in different cortical regions during a sustained attentive task requiring vigilance. A novel measure referred to as dynamic partial directed coherence was used to map the cognitive state of vigilance based on graph theory. In the right parieto-occipital area, the area is significantly higher than in other regions of interest (the areas are 0.601 and 0.632 for out-degree and in-degree,
more » ... tively). A similar analysis in the right fronto-central area revealed significant differences in the different cognitive states. Across the six regions of interest, significant differences of in-degree and out-degree based alpha band are observed in the right fronto-central and the right parieto-occipital (P < 0.05). The performance was compared with those from a support vector machine using different network-based phase-locking values, partial directed coherence, and dynamic partial directed coherence. Results show that dynamic partial directed coherence can provide more information about direction (compared with phase-locking values) and accuracy (when compared with partial directed coherence). The graph theoretical analysis shows that the effective network based dynamic partial directed coherence has a small-world property for synchronizing neural activity between brain regions. Moreover, the alpha band is well correlated with the cognitive state compared to other frequency bands.
doi:10.31083/j.jin.2020.01.1234 pmid:32259891 fatcat:jxoitii4zjfnfiqgzmwclu3uay