Metagenomic Analysis of The Effects of Salinity On Microbial Diversity and Functional Gene Diversity in Kongsfjorden Estuary [post]

Lidong Lin, Nengfei Wang, Wenbing Han, Botao Zhang, Jiaye Zang, Qinxin Li, Yiling Qin, Long Wang, Long Fang, Jie Liu
2021 unpublished
Due to the inflow of meltwater from the Midre Lovénbreen glacier upstream of Kongsfjorden, the salinity of Kongsfjorden increases from the estuary to the interior of the fjord. Our goal was to determine which bacterial taxa and metabolism-related gene abundance were affected by changes in salinity, and whether salinity is correlated with genes related to nitrogen and sulfur cycling in fjord ecosystem using metagenomic analysis. Our data indicate that changes in salinity may affect some
more » ... taxa, such as the relative abundance of Alphaproteobacteria and Deltaproteobacteria is higher at high salinity sites, while the relative abundance of Gammaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria is more dominant at low salinity sites. In addition, the relative abundance of some bacteria at the high and low salinity sites was different at the family level. For example, Rhodobacteraceae, Pseudoalteromonadaceae, Flavobacteriaceae, Vibrionaceae at the high salinity site Colwelliaceae, Chromatiaceae and Alteromonadaceae at the low salinity site are affected by salinity. In terms of functional gene diversity, our study proved that salinity could affect the relative abundance of related genes by affecting the metabolic mechanism of microorganisms. In addition to salinity, functional attributes of microorganisms themselves were also important factors affecting the relative abundance of metabolism-related genes. In addition, salinity has a certain effect on the relative abundance of genes related to nitrogen and sulfur cycling.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:d5rqattqgze3veidc54okznbz4