Semantic Architecture for Modelling and Reasoning IoT Data Resources based on SPARK

Ahmed Salama, Masoud E., Haytham Al-Feel
2020 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Electronic Internet-of-Things is one of the foremost valuable techniques today. Through it, everything everywhere the globe became connected and intelligent, eliminating the wants to human-to-human interaction to perform tasks. This by changing all of those objects like humans, machines, devices and something around to be simply an internet Protocol (IP) to be expressed within the network environment through completely different sensors and actuators devices which might facilitate the
more » ... n between all of them. These different types of sensors generate a large volume of various information and data. This type of sensor information created it generally useless because of the heterogeneity and lack of interoperability of it that represents it in unstructured form. So, investing from semantic internet techniques might handle these main challenges that face the IoT applications. Hence, the main contribution behind this research aims to boost the performance and quality of sensors information retrieved from IoT resources and applications by using semantic web technologies to resolve the matter of heterogeneity and interoperability and then convert the unstructured sensor data to structured form to realize the next level of investing of sensors employed in IoT applications. Also, the aim through this research to improve the performance of the tremendous amount of information that represents the demonstrated IoT information utilizing Big Data techniques such as Spark and its query language that's named SPARK-SQL as a streaming inquiry language for a colossal amount of information. The proposed architecture demonstrated that utilizing the semantic techniques to model the streaming sensors data improve the value of information and permit us to gather unused information. Moreover, the improvement by using SPARK leads to extend the performance of utilizing this sensor information in terms of the time retrieval of running queries, particularly when running the same queries utilizing the conventional SPARQL inquiry language.
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2020.0110255 fatcat:46i22cefpndivc62myjyifmsdi