Attitudes toward older adults: A matter of cultural values or personal values?

Xin Zhang, Cai Xing, Yanjun Guan, Xuan Song, Robert Melloy, Fei Wang, Xiaoyu Jin
2016 Psychology and Aging  
Attitudes toward older adults : a matter of cultural values or personal values?', Psychology and aging., 31 (1). pp. 89-100. Further information on publisher's website: The full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-prot purposes provided that: • a full bibliographic reference is made to the original source • a link is made to the metadata record in DRO •
more » ... ata record in DRO • the full-text is not changed in any way The full-text must not be sold in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders. Please consult the full DRO policy for further details. Abstract The current research aimed to address the inconsistent findings regarding cultural differences in attitude toward older adults by differentiating the effects of personal values and cultural values. In Study 1, we used data from the sixth wave of the World Values Survey to examine attitude toward older adults across cultures, and whether different personal values (i.e., communal vs. agentic) and country-level values (i.e., individualism) predicted these attitudes. The results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that after controlling for potential covariates, communal value at the individual-level was positively correlated with positive attitude toward older adults; however, individualism score at the country-level was not. To further examine the causal effects of personal values (vs. cultural values), we conducted an experimental study and confirmed that priming personal values rather than cultural values had significant effects on ageism attitude. The present study helps to reconcile conflicting results on cultural differences in attitude toward older adults.
doi:10.1037/pag0000068 pmid:26691301 fatcat:2agklxpulvhxdj2jrz4yiwlnza