MMP-2 and MMP-9 Polymorphisms and Preeclampsia Risk in Tunisian Arabs: A Case-Control Study

Marwa Ben Ali Gannoun, Nozha Raguema, Hedia Zitouni, Meriem Mehdi, Ondrej Seda, Touhami Mahjoub, Julie L. Lavoie
2021 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
The abnormal production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9 and MMP-2, plays a pivotal role in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and as such, can influence the development of preeclampsia. These alterations may result from functional genetic polymorphisms in the promoter region of MMP-9 and MMP-2 genes, which modify MMP-9 and MMP-2 expression. We investigated the association of MMP-9 polymorphism rs3918242 (-1562 C>T) and MMP-2 polymorphism rs2285053 (-735 C>T) with the
more » ... of preeclampsia. This case–control study was conducted on 345 women with preeclampsia and 281 age-matched women with normal pregnancies from Tunisian hospitals. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood collected at delivery. Genotypes for -1562 C>T and -735 C>T polymorphisms were performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). An increased frequency of heterozygous MMP-9 -1562 C/T genotype carriers was observed in women with preeclampsia compared to healthy controls (p = 0.03). In contrast, the MMP-2 -735 C>T polymorphism was not significantly different regarding frequency distribution of the allele and genotype between healthy pregnant women and women with preeclampsia. Our study suggests that the MMP-9 -1562 C/T variant, associated with high MMP-9 production, could be a genetic risk factor for preeclampsia in Tunisian women.
doi:10.3390/jcm10122647 fatcat:xswhwefgwzhk3gha7s5eki6agq