Achromobacter xylosoxidans Bacteremia in a Child with Neutropenia

Byeong Jun Ahn, Dong Hyun Kim, Jun Seak Gang, Kyeong Bae Park
2018 Soonchunhyang Medical Science  
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a non-fermentative, aerobic, oxidase, and catalase-positive Gram-negative rod similar to Pseudomonas species. This organism colonizes aquatic environments and can cause nosocomial infections, especially in patients with immune deficiency such as human immunodeficiency virus infection, cancer, cystic fibrosis, neutropenia, and immunoglobulin M deficiency. Infections are found as bacteremia, pneumonia, meningitis, urinary tract infection, abscess formation, and
more » ... yelitis. It is known that most effective antibiotics are piperacillin/tazobactam, meropenem, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazol. But there is no optimal antibiotic therapy so far. We present a case of Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia in a 13-month-old Korean girl who had past history of neutropenia.
doi:10.15746/sms.18.022 fatcat:io3s2a67ifavzft4zjsxz2h6sy