Converting Semi-structured Clinical Medical Records into Information and Knowledge

Xiaohua Zhou, Hyoil Han, I. Chankai, A.A. Prestrud, A.D. Brooks
2005 21st International Conference on Data Engineering Workshops (ICDEW'05)  
Clinical medical records contain a wealth of information, largely in free-textual form. Thus, means to extract structured information from free-text records becomes an important research endeavor. In this paper, we propose and implement an information extraction system that extracts three types of information -numeric values, medical terms and categorical value -from semi-structured patient records. Three approaches are proposed to solve the problems posed by each of the three types of values,
more » ... espectively, and very good performance (precision and recall) is achieved. A novel link-grammar based approach was invented to associate feature and number in a sentence, and extremely high accuracy was achieved. A simple but efficient approach, using POS-based pattern and domain ontology, was adopted to extract medical terms of interest. Finally, an NLPbased feature extraction method coupled with an ID3based decision tree is used to classify and extract categorical cases. This preliminary approach to categorical fields has, so far, proven to be quite effective.
doi:10.1109/icde.2005.207 dblp:conf/icde/ZhouHCPB05 fatcat:4e4sprbwo5abtouswyglnfpaae