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Smartphones are attractive tools for the majority of young people particularly university undergraduates and integrating them in learning is something valuable. Nevertheless, they might do harm to their achievement if the use barriers and bad effects are not identified. Motivated by this idea, the present study was undertaken. Participants were (42) university undergraduates at the departments of mathematics and English language at Najran University in the first semester of the academic yeardoi:10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i3.2021.3764 fatcat:nitm56io5zgn5djggrz5elhccq