Photosynthetic acclimation to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration

M C Ghildiyal, P Sharma-Natu
2000 Indian journal of experimental biology  
With rising level of CO2 in the atmosphere plants are expected to be exposed to higher concentration of CO2. Since, CO2 is a substrate limiting photosynthesis particularly in C3 plants in the present atmosphere, the impact of elevated CO2 would depend mainly on how photosynthesis acclimates or adjusts to the long term elevated level of CO2. Photosynthetic acclimation is a change in photosynthetic efficiency of leaves due to long term exposure to elevated CO2. This change in photosynthetic
more » ... ency could be a biochemical adjustment that may improve the overall performance of a plant in a high CO2 environment or it could be due to metabolic compulsions as a result of physiological dysfunction. Acclimation has generally become synonymous with the word response, if long term exposure to elevated CO2 decreases the photosynthesis rate (Pn) at a given CO2 level, it is called negative acclimation, if it stimulates Pn at a given CO2 level, it is called positive acclimation. Photosynthetic acclimation is clearly revealed by comparing Pn of ambient and elevated CO2 grown plants at same level of CO2. Species level differences in acclimation to elevated CO2 have been reported. The physiological basis of differential photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2 is discussed in relation to the regulation of photosynthesis and photosynthetic carbon partitioning at cellular level.
pmid:11324166 fatcat:efunkh4435ccfcj4qy5o7qvsdm