Efficient On-Off Keying Underwater Acoustic Communication for Seafloor Observation Networks
In the cableless seafloor observation networks (SONs), the links among network nodes rely on underwater acoustic communication (UAC). Due to the energy constraint and the high-reliability requirement of the cableless SONs, the noncoherent UAC has been a preferred choice, even though a noncoherent UAC scheme generally suffers from low spectral efficiency. In this paper, we propose a high-spectral-efficiency noncoherent UAC transmission scheme which is implemented as an orthogonal
... nal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system adopting the on-off keying (OOK) modulation. To simultaneously achieve high performance at a low energy consumption, an irregular recursive convolutional code (IrCC) is employed and an accumulator (ACC) is introduced to achieve a modulation with memory at the transmitter side. The ACC enables a turbo iteration between the soft demapper called the ACC-OOK demapper and the soft decoder on the receiver side, and also reduces the decoding error floor. To account for the unknown signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), an iterative threshold estimation (ITE) algorithm is proposed to determine a proper decision threshold for the ACC-OOK demapper. The IrCC is designed to match the extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) curve of the ACC-OOK demapper, lowering the SNR threshold of the aforementioned turbo iteration. Simulations and experimental results verify the superiority of the proposed noncoherent UAC scheme over conventional ones.