Evaluation of postural balance in mild cognitive impairment through a three-dimensional electromagnetic system

Ana Paula Oliveira Borges, José Ailton Oliveira Carneiro, José Eduardo Zaia, Antonio Adilton Oliveira Carneiro, Osvaldo Massaiti Takayanagui
2016 Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology  
Elderly people with cognitive impairment are at greater risk for falls; thus, an understanding of the earliest stages of cognitive decline is necessary. To compare postural balance between elderly people with and without mild cognitive impairment using a three-dimensional system. Thirty elderly people with mild cognitive impairment and thirty healthy elderly subjects were selected. Static posturography was performed using three-dimensional electromagnetic equipment and the following parameters
more » ... ere evaluated: maximum displacement, mean speed and total trajectory. Open- and closed-eye stabilometric variable comparisons between groups and within each group were carried out, and a relationship between the Mini Mental State Examination and the total trajectory of all elderly subjects was determined. The analysis among open- and closed-eye conditions showed a significant difference in maximum anteroposterior displacement in the control group and a significant difference in all stabilometric variables in the mild cognitive impairment group. A significant difference between the groups in all variables in the closed-eye condition was observed. There was a strong correlation between cognitive performance and total trajectory. Evaluations showed decrease in balance in elderly people with mild cognitive impairment. Presence of anteroposterior displacement can be an early sign of postural control impairment, and the evaluation with visual restriction can be useful in detecting small postural instabilities.
doi:10.1016/j.bjorl.2015.08.023 pmid:26787112 pmcid:PMC9449082 fatcat:3z35mlkmbjbyjcrvfjpcazuo3i