Input, Output, and Outcome Metrics for Assessing Energy Technology Innovation [chapter]

Charlie Wilson, Arnulf Grübler, Charlie Wilson
Energy Technology Innovation  
AUTHORS' SUMMARY A variety of quantitative methods have been used to analyse energy technology innovation. These range from efforts to identify and isolate the effects of particular policies or innovation processes such as research and development, to studies of the broader social benefits of energy technology innovation. Innovation metrics can thus describe innovation inputs, outputs or outcomes. This case study presents the commonly used metrics in each of these categories, together with the
more » ... ain issues associated with their application. The discussion then identifies some broader issues with the use of quantitative metrics to analyse energy technology innovation including the lack of integrated metrics, problems with quality control, and difficulties with cross-country and cross-technology comparisons.
doi:10.1017/cbo9781139150880.009 fatcat:gb3g5mf6vffhpen5cmlktr3mdi