Protostellar Outflows at the EarliesT Stages (POETS). II. A possible radio synchrotron jet associated with the EGO G035.02+0.35

A. Sanna, L. Moscadelli, C. Goddi, M. Beltran, C. L. Brogan, A. Caratti o Garatti, C. Carrasco-Gonzalez, T. R. Hunter, F. Massi, M. Padovani
2019 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
Centimeter continuum observations of protostellar jets have revealed the presence of knots of shocked gas where the flux density decreases with frequency. This spectrum is characteristic of nonthermal synchrotron radiation and implies the presence of both magnetic fields and relativistic electrons in protostellar jets. Here, we report on one of the few detections of nonthermal jet driven by a young massive star in the star-forming region G035.02$+$0.35. We made use of the NSF's Karl G. Jansky
more » ... 's Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) to observe this region at C, Ku, and K bands with the A- and B-array configurations, and obtained sensitive radio continuum maps down to a rms of 10 $\mu$Jy beam$^{-1}$. These observations allow for a detailed spectral index analysis of the radio continuum emission in the region, which we interpret as a protostellar jet with a number of knots aligned with extended 4.5 $\mu$m emission. Two knots clearly emit nonthermal radiation and are found at similar distances, of approximately 10,000 au, each side of the central young star, from which they expand at velocities of hundreds km s$^{-1}$. We estimate both the mechanical force and the magnetic field associated with the radio jet, and infer a lower limit of $0.4\times10^{-4} $M$_{\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$ km s$^{-1}$ and values in the range $0.7-1.3 $mG, respectively.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834551 fatcat:ol4pcn5d6vg2hntpljngutycci