A Review on Image- and Network-based Brain Data Analysis Techniques for Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosis Reveals a Gap in Developing Predictive Methods for Prognosis [article]

Mayssa Soussia, Islem Rekik
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Unveiling pathological brain changes associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a challenging task especially that people do not show symptoms of dementia until it is late. Over the past years, neuroimaging techniques paved the way for computer-based diagnosis and prognosis to facilitate the automation of medical decision support and help clinicians identify cognitively intact subjects that are at high-risk of developing AD. As a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, researchers investigated
more » ... how AD affects the brain using different approaches: 1) image-based methods where mainly neuroimaging modalities are used to provide early AD biomarkers, and 2) network-based methods which focus on functional and structural brain connectivities to give insights into how AD alters brain wiring. In this study, we reviewed neuroimaging-based technical methods developed for AD and mild-cognitive impairment (MCI) classification and prediction tasks, selected by screening all MICCAI proceedings published between 2010 and 2016. We included papers that fit into image-based or network-based categories. The majority of papers focused on classifying MCI vs. AD brain states, which has enabled the discovery of discriminative or altered brain regions and connections. However, very few works aimed to predict MCI progression based on early neuroimaging-based observations. Despite the high importance of reliably identifying which early MCI patient will convert to AD, remain stable or reverse to normal over months/years, predictive models are still lagging behind.
arXiv:1808.01951v1 fatcat:zj2p6w5xw5abbdfhhs6ubfzz74