Evaluation of the endocrine response of cattle during the relocation process☆☆☆☆The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohi ...

S.M. Falkenberg, J.A. Carroll, D.H. Keisler, J.L. Sartin, T.H. Elsasser, J.O. Buntyn, P.R. Broadway, T.B. Schmidt
2013 Livestock Science  
To evaluate the endocrine responses associated with the relocation process, 22 Holstein heifers (326.4 7 46.8 kg BW) were randomly assigned to control (CON) or relocation (RELOC) treatment groups. On d 0, heifers were weighed and fitted with indwelling rectal temperature (RT) monitoring devices and jugular catheters. On d 1, baseline blood samples were collected from all heifers for 2 h prior to the transportation event, then weighed. Controls were returned to tie stalls and RELOC were loaded
more » ... to a modified stock trailer (12 individual stanchions) for a 4 h transportation event. Simultaneous blood samples were obtained at 30-min intervals from both groups throughout the 4 h transport event (TE-I). After transport, RELOC were unloaded at an unfamiliar location, weighed, and placed in tie stalls for a 2 h post-transportation period. All heifers were then placed into two separate holding paddocks with access to water and hay for 4 h. After 4 h, hay and water was withdrawn for 20 h. On d 2 RELOC heifers were exposed to a second transport event (TE-II); the timeline and procedures of TE-II were identical to those of TE-I (except for the starting point for RELOC heifers). All serum samples were analyzed for concentrations of cortisol, growth hormone (GH), and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). A 6% reduction in BW for the RELOC as compared to 2.5% reduction in BW for CON (P o 0.001) was observed during TE-I. Overall BW loss was 2% greater (P o 0.02) for RELOC heifers compared to CON heifers. During TE-I, RELOC heifers had greater RT (P o 0.05) compared to CON heifers. There was treatment time interaction observed for cortisol (P o 0.003); RELOC had greater cortisol concentrations at multiple time points throughout TE-I and -II. No differences
doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2012.09.009 fatcat:cmne7vf3lbcwjky2t7ymeslwu4