Quantum steering and quantum discord under noisy channels and entanglement swapping [article]

Pedro Rosario, Andrés F. Ducuara, Cristian E. Susa
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Quantum entanglement, discord, and EPR-steering are properties which are considered as valuable resources for fuelling quantum information-theoretic protocols. EPR-steering is a property that is more general than Bell-nonlocality and yet more restrictive than entanglement. Quantum discord on the other hand, captures non-classical behaviour beyond that of entanglement, and its study has remained of active research interest during the past two decades. Exploring the behaviour of these quantum
more » ... erties in different physical scenarios, like those simulated by open quantum systems, is therefore of crucial importance for understanding their viability for quantum technologies. In this work, we analyse the behaviour of EPR-steering, entanglement, and quantum discord, for two-qubit states under various quantum processes. First, we consider the three noisy channel scenarios of; phase damping, generalised amplitude damping and stochastic dephasing channel. Second, we explore the behaviour of these quantum properties in an entanglement swapping scenario. We quantify EPR-steering by means of an inequality with three-input two-output measurement settings, and address quantum discord as the interferometric power of quantum states. Our findings are the following. First, we show that some of the relatively straightforward noisy channels here considered, can induce non-trivial dynamics such as sudden death as well as death and revival of EPR-steering and entanglement. Second, we find that although noisy channels in general reduce the amount of correlations present in the system, the swapping protocol on the other hand displays scenarios where these quantum correlations can be enhanced. These results therefore illustrate that quantum processes do not exclusively affect the quantum properties of physical systems in a negative manner, but that they can also have positive effects on such properties.
arXiv:2112.10027v1 fatcat:kzn33llbpnba7j7gpyqyngugxi