Remission of Graves' Hyperthyroidism and A/G Polymorphism at Position 49 in Exon 1 of Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte-Associated Molecule-4 Gene
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
We studied whether a patient with Graves' disease will go into remission during antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment. Remission of Graves' hyperthyroidism is predicted by a smooth decrease in TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) during ATD treatment. Cytotoxic T cell lymphocyte-associated molecule-4 (CTLA-4) may play an important role in the development of Graves' hyperthyroidism and in its remission. We studied A/G polymorphism at position 49 in exon 1 of the CTLA-4 gene in 144 Japanese Graves' patients.
... e intended to reveal the possible association of CTLA-4 gene polymorphism with the remission of Graves' hyperthyroidism. All patients with Graves' disease were treated with ATD. Thyroid-stimulating antibody and TSH binding inhibitory Ig were measured as TRAb. We analyzed CTLA-4 genotypes and alleles with PCR. We calculated the frequencies of CTLA-4 genotypes and alleles. A significant increase in the frequency of the G allele was seen in Graves' patients compared with controls (P ؍ 0.0095). Graves' patients were divided into three groups (A, B, and C) according to time of TRAb disappearance after the start of ATD treatment. In group A patients TRAb had disappeared within 1 yr after the start of ATD treatment, in group B TRAb had disappeared between the beginning of the second year and the end of the fifth year of treatment, and in group C TRAb continued to be positive after 5 yr of ATD treatment. The frequencies of the GG genotype and the G allele were significantly higher in group C patients with persistently positive TRAb over 5 yr of ATD treatment than in the other groups (P < 0.0001). Group C patients did not have the AA genotype. The periods of time until remission were significantly shorter in the AA genotype. Graves' patients with the G allele need to continue ATD treatment for longer periods. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87: 2593-2596, 2002)