Teneligliptin: Heralding Change in Type 2 Diabetes

Manish Maladkar, Srividya Sankar, Kushal Kamat
2016 Journal of Diabetes Mellitus  
Sweet is Sweet but until it is not too Sweet". As the sweet spoon of diabetes challenges the global population, diabetic organizations across the globe call for unanimous resonance of Diabetes Voice to tackle diabetes with healthy living. With the discovery of new pathophysiology associated with diabetes, patients are gaining access to the newer therapeutic classes. Teneligliptin, a third generation DPP-4 inhibitor exhibits unique "J-shaped" structure with "anchor-lock domain" mechanism which
more » ... " mechanism which provides potent & long duration of action. It acts like an insulin/glucagon modulator controlling blood glucose over 24 hours. It is effective in tackling short-term glycemic fluctuations and improvement in β-cell parameters is observed soon after treatment. Half-life of 26.9 hours ensures once a day administration. Because the metabolites of this drug are eliminated via renal and hepatic excretion, no dose adjustment is necessary in patients with renal impairment. Improvement in lipid profile, LV function, adiponectin levels & natriuretic effect is among the added pleiotropic benefits. With the effective glycemic control & capability for improvement in β-cell function, Teneligliptin promises to be a preferable antidiabetic agent with long-term efficacy & safety in patients with type 2 diabetes. The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive datum analysis of Teneligliptin in the management of type 2 diabetes. It summarizes the unique pharmacodynamic & pharmacokinetic advantages of Teneligliptin and additionally its pleiotropic benefits of cardioprotection. It provides a comprehensive comparison of Teneligliptin vis-à-vis other gliptins in the class & provides a concise summary of all clinical trials till the date with Teneligliptin monotherapy & combination with other antidiabetic drugs.
doi:10.4236/jdm.2016.62012 fatcat:5j5octehqzdl5mkr3heuguxnme