β-Tubulin-III Is an Immunohistochemical Marker for the Early Invasive Foci of Nonmucinous Lung Adenocarcinoma
Open Journal of Pathology
Objective: The present study is to investigate the expression of CD34, β-Tubulin-III and Collagen IV-Laminin in adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), the AIS component of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), and early invasive foci, in order to find a valuable immunohistochemical marker for discriminating AIS and its early invasive foci. Methods: A total of 51 AIS patients and 88 MIA patients were included in the present study. In addition, 40 atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) patients and 54
... H) patients and 54 invasive adenocarcinoma (IA) patients were included as control. Immunohistochemical staining of β-Tubulin-III, CD34, CD31, F8 and Collagen IV-Laminin was performed by serial sectioning. β-Tubulin-III was used to show invasive adenocarcinoma foci, CD34 was used to indicate interstitial cells in AIS, CD31 and F8 were used to identify capillary endothelial cells in tumor tissues, and Collagen IV-Laminin was used to visualize the basement membrane component of AIS. Results: The basement membranes and interstitial cells of AAH, AIS and the AIS component of MIA had positive expression of CD34, while mucinous AIS and various invasive adenocarcinomas had no CD34-positive basement membranes or interstitial cells. Invasive cancers such as alveolar adenocarcinoma, papillary adenocarcinoma, micropapillary adenocarcinoma and solid adenocarcinoma had strong positive expression of β-Tubulin-III, while AAH, AIS and the AIS component of MIA, and invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma had negative expression of β-Tubulin-III. AAH, AIS and the AIS component of MIA were surrounded by basement membranes with positive expression of Collagen IV-Laminin, AIS and the AIS component of MIA had significantly thickened basement membranes, and none of invasive adenocarcinomas was surrounded by basement membranes. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that immunohistochemical staining of CD34, β-Tubulin-III, and Collagen IV-Laminin discriminates AIS component of lung adenocarcinoma from early invasive foci, with the efficacy of β-Tubulin-III being the best. Staining of β-Tubulin-III precisely identifies the early invasive foci of MIA, and can be used as a marker for the identification of the early invasive foci of nonmucinous lung adenocarcinoma.