PERATURAN PERUNDANGAN DALAM PENDAYAGUNAAN TENAGA KESEHATAN WARGA NEGARA ASING (TKWNA) DI INDONESIA (Regulation of Legislation in Utilization of Foreign Health Workers (FHW) in Indonesia)

Tri Angkasawati, Dan Laksmiarti
unpublished
ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Salah satu imbas adanya AFTA 2010 (Asean Free Trade Area) adalah semakin luasnya aspek perdagangan dunia. Aliran perdagangan yang terjadi tidak hanya aliran barang publik, tetapi juga perdagangan jasa termasuk jasa tenaga kesehatan yang dapat mengakses dengan bebas ke berbagai negara. Tujuan: Melakukan review terhadap substansi kebijakan tentang pendayagunaan tenaga kesehatan warga negara asing, dan memberikan masukan kepada pemerintah dalam rangka perlindungan hukum
more » ... lindungan hukum bagi masyarakat pengguna pelayanan kesehatan yang ditangani oleh tenaga kesehatan asing. Metode: Mereview dokumen-dokumen kebijakan dengan pendekatan normatif dan prediktif menggambarkan mengenai bentuk dan implementasi kebijakan terkait perencanaan, pendayagunaan serta pembinaan dan pengawasan tenaga kesehatan warga negara asing (TKWNA) di Indonesia. Hasil: Kajian menemukan 7 (tujuh) ragam peraturan kebijakan mendasar dalam pengaturan tenaga kesehatan warga negara asing (TKWNA) yang meliputi perijinan, sertifikasi dan registrasi, kompetensi, area kegiatan, pembatasan waktu, kompensasi, dan sanksi. Saran: Diperlukan sosialisasi terkait kebijakan pengaturan TKWNA serta perlu adanya komitmen bersama para pengambil kebijakan yang terkait TKWNA antara lain Kementerian Kesehatan, Kementerian Tenaga Kerja dan Kementerian Dalam Negeri termasuk kantor imigrasi. ABSTRACT Background: One of the impact of AFTA 2010 (Asean Free Trade Area) is a broader aspect of global world trade. Trade flows not only occur on public goods but also services, including health workers which now can freely get access to various countries. Objective: The aim of this study was to review policies on the employment of foreign health workers (FHW) in order to provide recommendations on specific matters concerning legal protection to people who utilize health services and were treated by FHW. Methods: The method of this study was conducting a policy review with a normative and predictive approaches. This review depicted a clear and deep understanding of the form and implementation of policies related to planning, utilization as well as guidance and supervision of foreign health workers (FHW) in Indonesia. Results: This study discovered that there were 7 (seven) fundamental policies to regulate FHW that covers licensing, certification and registration, competence, area of activities, time restriction, compensation and sanction. Recommendation: This study recommends a socialization on FHW regulations. In addition, the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Manpower, Ministry of Home Affairs and the immigration office need to enhance their commitment to promote FHW regulations.
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