Using road class as a replacement for predicted motorized traffic flow in spatial network models of cycling

Eric Yin Cheung Chan, Crispin H. V. Cooper
2019 Scientific Reports  
Recent years have seen renewed policy interest in urban cycling due to the negative impacts of motorized traffic, obesity and emissions. Simulating bicycle mode share and flows can help decide where to build new infrastructure for maximum impact, though modelling budgets are limited. The four step model used for vehicles is not typically used for this task as, aside from the expense of use, it is designed around too-large zone sizes and a simplified network. Alternative approaches are based on
more » ... ggregate statistics or spatial network analysis, the latter being necessary to create a model sufficiently sensitive to infrastructure location, although still requiring considerable modelling effort due to the need to simulate motor vehicle flows in order to account for the effect of motorized traffic in disincentivising cycling. The model presented uses an existing spatial network analysis methodology on an unsimplified network, but simplifies the analysis by substituting explicit prediction of motorized traffic flow with an alternative based on road classification. The method offers a large reduction in modelling effort, but nonetheless gives model correlation with actual cycling flows (R2 = 0.85) broadly comparable to a previous model with motorized traffic fully simulated (R2 = 0.78).
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-55669-8 pmid:31873078 pmcid:PMC6928227 fatcat:wjruaoo5mrfirbovrpe652tom4